Dr. Dianne Williams is a Criminologist/Certified Criminal Justice Specialist/Certified Mediator/Licensed Trainer of Trainers in Restorative Practices. She holds a Doctorate in Human Services with a concentration in Criminal Justice, and MBA and an MSc in Restorative Practices. She has also completed additional course work on Caribbean Defense and Security at the National Defense University's William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies and Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government: Executive Education Series Governance as Leadership Course. Her most recent publications include (1) An assessment of Trinidad and Tobago as a Fragile State. In Fragile States (Ed. Jonathan Rosen). Lanham, Maryland: Lexington (2) Citizen Insecurity in Trinidad and Tobago and the Applicability of the Concept of the Mafia State. In Contemporary Security and Defense Issues in the Caribbean (Ed.) Pat Paterson & Walter Earle). William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies National Defense University Press, Washington, D.C. (3) U.S. Foreign Policy and the Caribbean Region: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago. In The Obama Doctrine. (Ed. Jonathan Rosen). Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.